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Glossary of Housing Terms

Provide a broad range of health, nutritional, recreational, social and habilitation services in settings outside the person's place of residence. Adult Day Health services do not include residential overnight services.

These communities are built with safety in mind. Usually a secure property that helps the seniors with cues to complete daily routines sensitive toward their memory needs. All activities, meals, programs, and daily lives are structured to accommodate their conditions.

These communities offer apartment style living for seniors with some medical needs and some independency issues. Medication assistance is available as well as activities, programs, full or partial kitchens, laundry service, housekeeping, on-site nursing care 24 hours a day, scheduled transportation, and a central dining area for all meals.

CCRC's are most often in large campus like environments that encompass all levels of care. They often have entrance fee requirements that are similar to the purchase of a home or condominium. Some CCRC's only allow new members of the community to enter at the independent living level others are more flexible and a few do not require an entrance fee. In fact each CCRC has unique requirements please contact us if you want more information.

Usually private homes that have a small amount of residents living together and receive care from live-in caregivers. This type of community is built for those seniors who enjoy their privacy in a home-like setting. The amenities may include all meals, housekeeping, laundry, some personal care, and medication management. Every home is different so ask lots of questions.

Home Health Care is available to clients who are in need of professional medical care in the home. Services are provided by a Registered Nurse, Physical Therapist, Occupational Therapist or Speech Therapist. Patients with a variety of diagnosis and needs may be appropriate for this level of care. They can distribute medication; provide wound care, occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy, home infusion therapy, medication set up, bath assists, nursing supervision, and other skilled services.

Patients with a variety of diagnoses’ and needs may be appropriate for this level of care. Examples include a patient who has been diagnosed with a new illness or is having trouble understanding and managing a current illness, a change in medications requiring further education, recent hospitalization or visit to the emergency room, a change in mobility or a fall, any condition that would benefit from further monitoring by a registered nurse.

This level of care is ordered by the patient’s physician and is usually covered by Medicare or health insurance. The home care agency will work together with the physician to establish a care plan to help the client recover or attain optimal wellness.

Agencies must be licensed and will be Medicare Certified. Clients are seen in their home with the Registered Nurse or Therapist making the visit up to several times a week depending on the client’s condition. They use their own staff and are insured with workman’s comp and liability insurance.

Licensed as non-medical home care providers. They provide a wide range of services which may include assistance with bathing, dressing, hair care, medication reminders, sitter services, meal preparation, companion assist to appointments, shopping and taking care of the home. Services can be arranged on an hourly basis up to a 24 hour live in program depending on the client’s needs.

Services are not covered by Medicare or health insurance but are paid for privately from the client’s own funds or by some long term care insurance programs. They use their own staff and are insured with liability and workman’s comp insurance.

Hospice is a focused, team approach to providing healthcare and other needed services to patients nearing the end of life. The hospice team is comprised of physicians, nurses, social workers, therapists, pastoral representatives, home health aides, volunteers, and family caregivers. Its mission is to provide comfort care to patients and their families in less institutionalized settings and with less strict routines. The services are paid for entirely by Medicare for people who have been given a terminal diagnosis by their physicians and who have chosen to refuse curative measures.

These communities are built to accommodate the seniors that are independent and have minimal medical problems. They are usually apartment complexes that are fully equipped and can vary in size. Meal packages are available once, twice, or three times per day depending on the seniors preference. Laundry is usually not included, however housekeeping is included.

Temporary housing or care for seniors. This allows their caregivers some personal time while the seniors' needs are met. Assisted living and Alzheimer's communities are usually accommodating. The senior can stay for a short period to get acclimated to the community so a decision can be made as to whether or not to move there.

Homes or condominiums that are built with seniors in mind and allow anyone over the age of 55 to live there. These communities offer a variety of activities, programs, groups, wellness centers, maintenance-free living, and usually a community center to meet other seniors.

Senior living apartments are age-restricted multiunit housing with self-contained living units for older adults who are able to care for themselves. Usually no additional services such as meals or transportation are provided.

Sheltered care offers private rooms and suites, with private baths. Individuals will receive assistance with personal care and medication administration. Meals and housekeeping are provided.

Built for people that require high-level medical care, long-term care needs including complex medical care and are dependent on skills provided by the nursing home staff. Meals are served in a central dining room or at bedside; three times a day and activities are scheduled. Skilled services may be covered by Medicare for a short stay.

Subsidized senior housing--sometimes called congregate housing, HUD housing or Section 8 Housing--where you pay part of the rent and government funding covers the rest. Your rent is based on the ability to pay—usually a percentage of your income. Unfortunately, many of these programs have long waiting lists and you must have limited income and assets to qualify.

Services are the same as assisted living but this type of community accepts Medicaid. Services include personal care, homemaking, laundry, medication supervision, social activities, recreation and 24-hour staff to meet residents' scheduled and unscheduled needs. The resident is responsible for paying the cost of room and board at the facility but Medicaid will cover the care costs.

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